Bitcoin – A Currency with Clear Rules

Central bank policy and monetary system  Since the financial crisis, the global trend that the central banks are pursuing is evidentCurrently, an expansive monetary policy is being propagated by central banks,  which was originally intended to rescue the traditional banking system. However, this policy is now being further continued in the hopes of achieving the vision of eternal growth without recessionary periods.  Low interest rates and the continuous printing of new money to buy bonds and shares on the market is fast becoming a normality  for central banks. Effectively, the aim is to provide the world with cheap capital. Under the term “Quantitative Easing”, an experiment is being carried out, which has never been tested on such a scale before.  An upper limit of the expansivity of the monetary supply has not been defined, thus, the debtor and savings account holder must not only pay for current rates of inflation but, is also subject to a negative interest rate on their savings.     Currently, bonds worth $13.4 trillion, or almost a quarter of all outstanding debt in the form of bonds, bear Assets sought without an “arbitrarily reproducible” offer  It is no wonder that in this debtor-inhospitable environment, investments are sought after which cannot be reproduced at will like fiat money; such as real estateprecious metals or Bitcoin. In the case of gold, the expansion of quantity supplied is limited to the amount that is mined each year. Bitcoin, due to it’s unique design, has pre-defined limit on the amount of bitcoins that can and will be in circulation. The maximum number of bitcoins that will ever be in existence is limited to 21 million; currently, the number is just under 18 million coins. Newly created Bitcoins are paid to the miners, who utilize their computing power to ensure the functionality oft he block chain system. At present, 12.5 bitcoins are produced per newly created block, which corresponds to an inflation rate of approximately 3.7%. However, the payout halves every 4 years, thus 98% of the maximum number of Bitcoins will have been already created in 2030. In 2140 the last block payments should be paid out to the miners. After that, miners will only earn rewards from the transaction costs that are paid for the transfer of bitcoins. 

(Source: Wikipedia, Develop. of the Quantity of Money in Circulation, M3, in the Eurozone 1980-2018) 

Decentrally managed accounting, censorship resistant and unchangeable  In addition to the limited total quantity and the falling inflation rate, bitcoin has other unique characteristics thanks to its decentralized nature and underlying blockchain technology. Protected by cryptography, a bitcoin owner remains the owner of their coins as long as they are in possession of their private key. These bitcoins can be transferred to any person within a few block confirmations. The location of the recipient is irrelevant, the only requirement is the possession of a “wallet address”. Only the owner is authorized to determine the ownership of this asset in the form of bitcoins. No central institution is involved in the entire cycle. There is no preferential treatment or censorship of transactions. All transactions are kept in a decentralized accounting system accessible everyone and accesible on thousands of computers worldwide. There is no possibility of manipulation ofthe  transactions and balances.  Answer to financial crisis?  The timing is ticking. In the middle of the financial crisis, at the beginning of 2009, the first bitcoin block (genesis block) was created. Embedded in this first block was a quote from a headline from the British magazine “Times” that had been published that very day stating: “Chancellor on brink of second bailout for banks”The article referred to statements by the then Chancellor of the Exchequer Alistair Darling, who informed the public of the failure of previous attempts to rescue the financial system. The article further went on to write that In exclusion of the publics will, governments put together rescue packages for banks in breathtaking proportions. Thus, in 2009, Bitcoin was created as an alternative to the traditional monetary system; due to its  decentralized system with clear rules and protected by cryptography instead of empty government promises.  * Originally published in German at CVJ.ch

About the Author

crypto-valley-journal

The CVJ editorial team consists of crypto experts, active in different areas around the blockchain technology. In cooperation with selected authors, CVJ.CH provides a high-quality resource around the distributed ledger technology. Independent and up-to-date reporting according to journalistic standards as well as educational content around the topic blockchain, rounds off the offer. 

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